Phoenix Pacific

A Brief Introduction to Pre-Action Fire Sprinkler Systems

Fire sprinkler systems are essential life safety equipment in many types of buildings today. However, in some spaces, water or fire suppression agents can cause nearly as much damage as fire and smoke. In these circumstances particular attention needs to be made to false activations of sprinkler heads and releasing nozzles. A pre-action system can provide an added level of protection agains water or agent discharges while sill maintaining a level of fire safety.

This guide explains what they are and their advantages.

What Is a Pre-Action System?

Unlike traditional fire sprinkler systems, pre-action systems withhold water from entering the pipe system using an electrical valve. The pre-action valve is controlled by a detection system that monitors for smoke or heat. When the detection system senses smoke or heat it sends a signal to open the pre-action valve, filling the pipe system with water which turns the fire sprinkler system into a traditional wet sprinkler system. Individual sprinkler heads mus sill open to release water into the affected area jus like a traditional wet sprinkler system.

Pre-action systems can also control fire suppression clean agent instead of water. Also, in some systems, the pipes might be pressurized with condensed air or nitrogen.

What Are the Benefits of a Pre-Action System?

For facilities like museums, libraries, and data centers where water or suppression agent can be jus as damaging as a fire, a pre-action system can save expensive or priceless assets from smoke, fire, and water damage. The two-sep activation process of pre-action systems slows the firefighting action without sacrificing fire safety. It allows a little more time for human intervention to prevent accidental discharges from false detections, false triggers of sprinkler heads, or leaks from failing parts. It can also combat the natural corrosion process of water-based systems if your system is filled with condensed air or nitrogen.

Because these systems are complex, they should only be designed and installed by experienced fire protection experts. Learn more about pre-action systems by contacting Phoenix Pacific, Inc.